Timbs v. Indiana

(United States Supreme Court) – Held that the Fourteenth Amendment makes the Eighth Amendment’s prohibition on excessive fines fully applicable to the States. In this case involving the forfeiture of property for a drug offense, Indiana’s highest court had concluded that the Eighth Amendment’s Excessive Fines Clause constrains only federal action and is inapplicable to …

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People v. Laird

(California Court of Appeal) – Held that a defendant was not entitled to have his DNA sample expunged from California’s state data bank after his felony marijuana conviction was reduced to an infraction under Proposition 64, rejecting his statutory and constitutional arguments. Affirmed the denial of his motion for expungement.